The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs.
The World Bank has a range of free, easy-to-access tools, research and knowledge to help people address the world’s development challenges.
The Open Data website offers access to comprehensive, downloadable indicators about development in countries around the globe
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNCTAD, which is governed by its 194 member States, is the United Nations body responsible for dealing with development issues, particularly international trade – the main driver of development.
Its work can be summed up in three words: think, debate, and deliver.
Reflection on development is at the heart of UNCTAD’s work. It produces often-innovative analyses that form the basis for recommendations to economic policymakers. The aim is to help them take informed decisions and promote the macroeconomic policies best suited to ending global economic inequalities and to generating people-centred sustainable development.
UNCTAD is also a forum where representatives of all countries can freely engage in dialogue and discuss ways to establish a better balance in the global economy.
In addition, UNCTAD offers direct technical assistance to developing countries and countries with economies in transition, helping them to build the capacities they need to become equitably integrated into the global economy and improve the well-being of their populations.
UNCTAD holds a ministerial-level meeting every four years to discuss major global economic issues and to decide on its programme of work.
It also holds discussions with civil society, including at an annual symposium where members of the public can express their views and interact with country representatives.
Every two years, UNCTAD organizes the World Investment Forum, which brings together major players from the international investment community to discuss challenges and opportunities and to promote investment policies and partnerships for sustainable development and equitable growth.
International Trade Centre
ITC has developed the Market Access Map (MACMAP) to support the needs of exporters, trade support institutions, trade policy makers and academic institutions in developing countries. It provides information about customs tariffs (including tariff preferences) applied by 197 countries and faced by 239 countries and territories. It also covers tariff rate quotas, trade remedies, rules and certificates of origin, bound tariffs of WTO members, non-tariff measures and trade flows to help users prioritize and analyse export markets as well as prepare for market access negotiations. Users can also find ad-valorem equivalents for all non ad-valorem duties and perform aggregations of products and countries as well as simulate tariff reduction scenarios.
Market Access Map is free to users in developing countries and their representations abroad.
Trade Map is an online tool with monthly, quarterly and yearly international trade data combined with statistical indicators and information on trading companies which helps you prioritize export or import markets.
World Trade Organization
The WTO is the only international organization dealing with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible.
The WTO provides a forum for negotiating agreements aimed at reducing obstacles to international trade and ensuring a level playing field for all, thus contributing to economic growth and development. The WTO also provides a legal and institutional framework for the implementation and monitoring of these agreements, as well as for settling disputes arising from their interpretation and application.
World Integrated Trade Solution
The World Bank in collaboration with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and in consultation with organizations such
as International Trade Center, United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) developed the World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS). This software allows users to access and retrieve information on trade and tariffs. Below is list of international organizations that compile this data:
The UNSD Commodity Trade (UN Comtrade) database contains merchandise trade exports and imports by detailed commodity and partner country data. Values are recorded in U,S. dollars, along with a variety of quantity measures. The database includes information on more than 170 countries, and features statistics that have been reported to the United Nations since 1962. These statistics and data continue to be recorded according to internationally recognized trade and tariff classifications.
The UNCTAD Trade Analysis Information System (TRAINS) contains information on imports, tariffs, para-tariffs and non-tariff measures for 119 countries. The data on tariffs, para-tariffs and non-tariff measures are available at the most detailed commodity level of the national tariffs (i.e., at the tariff line level). The data are recorded according to three internationally recognized trade and tariff classifications
The WTO’s Integrated Data Base (IDB) contains imports by commodity and partner countries and Most Favored Nation (MFN) applied and, where available, data on preferential tariffs at the most detailed commodity level of the national tariffs. The Consolidated Tariff Schedule Data Base (CTS) contains WTO-bound tariffs, Initial Negotiating Rights and other indicators. The CTS reflects the concessions made by countries during goods negotiations (e.g., the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations). The IDB and CTS are practical working tools and there are no implications as to the legal status of the information contained therein.
The World Bank and the Center for International Business, Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College Global Preferential Trade Agreements Database provide information on preferential trade agreements (PTAs) around the world, including agreements that have not yet been notified to the World Trade Organization. This resource helps trade policy makers, research analysts, the academia, trade professionals and other individuals better understand and navigate the world of PTAs.
WITS application is aimed to help users find trade values and quantities for products on various nomenclatures; find tariff rates for products in different markets based on various product classifications; compare tariffs across markets; analyze protection levels for countries and products over time; compare scenarios of changes to applied or bound tariffs; or simulate economic impacts of various market access conditions. List of available data include:
- MFN and preferential rates
- Bound tariffs for WTO member countries
- Ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) of specific tariffs using different methodologies)
- Trade values and quantities from UNSD’s COMTRADE database
- Tariff simulations
- Predefined country and product groups (various product nomenclatures: HS, SITC, ISIC, CPC, GTAP etc)
Central Intelligence Agency’s
The World Factbook, produced by CIA and coordinated throughout the US Intelligence Community, is a database of facts on every country, dependency, and geographic entity in the world.
The Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities.
Directorate General of Foreign Trade
DGFT is an attached office of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Right from its inception till 1991, when liberalization in the economic policies of the Government took place, this organization has been essentially involved in the regulation and promotion of foreign trade through regulation. Keeping in line with liberalization and globalization and the overall objective of increasing of exports, DGFT has since been assigned the role of facilitator. The shift was from prohibition and control of imports/exports to promotion and facilitation of exports/imports, keeping in view the interests of the country.
Headquartered at New Delhi, and headed by the Director General of Foreign Trade, it is responsible for formulating and implementing the Foreign Trade Policy with the main objective of promoting India’s exports.
Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Pvt. Ltd.
CMIE, or the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, is a privately owned business information company head-quartered at Mumbai. Established in 1976, it straddles the entire information food-chain – from primary data collection through analytics and forecasting.
CMIE produces economic and business databases and develops specialised analytical tools to deliver these to its customers for decision making and for research. It analyses the data to decipher trends in the economy.
All databases and research work are delivered to customers through subscription services.
Federation of Indian Export Organisations
An apex body of Indian export promotion organizations, set up jointly by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India and private trade and industry to promote India’s exports.